When writing your extended essay you should use language that is formal and academic in tone.

When writing your extended essay you should use language that is formal and academic in tone.

Differences Between formal and informal Essays

The chart below offers you some concept of the differences between informal and essays that are formal. Start to see the box below for examples of the distinctions in tone in informal and essays that are formal on identical topics. A PDF of this chart, and the examples below, is in the box to the right, along side a summary of methods for avoiding colloquial writing.

Formal vs. Informal Writing

Author’s viewpoint Usually uses first-person pronoun; directly addresses your reader. Usually uses third-person pronoun.
Subject/content: Sources of evidence Frequently drawn from lifetime of the student and events that are everyday. More commonly drawn from shared events that are historical literature or other types of knowledge.
Tone Frequently more subjective and personal; might be ironic, amusing, thoughtful, angry or serious; conversational and casual. Tends to be taken from the topic and is apparently objective; has a tendency to hold emotions in balance and express concerns through strong arguments and rhetorical that is powerful.
Structure Appears to loosely be more structured. Follows a structure that centers around the development of one clear argument at a time to aid a clearly stated thesis.
located area of the research purpose/question
May appear any place in the essay; may not be explicitly stated. Stated explicitly, generally found in the first or paragraph that is second of essay.
Vocabulary Everyday words; slang and colloquialisms; contractions; uses “you” and “I”. Technical words in accordance with subject; no slang or contractions; avoids “you” and “I” (the employment of “I” in the introduction and conclusion of an essay is permitted however in the human body of the essay is the best avoided to be able to maintain an academic tone).
Purpose Entertainment; gentle reflection. Presentation of facts and ideas with critical evaluation, arguing a point and analyzing in more detail.

Examples of Informal and Formal Tone in Essay Writing

The following examples highlight the differences when considering formal and informal tone.

Language B – English

Informal:

I made the decision to write an extended essay on how hip-hop works as protest of the lower classes because i do believe the music is cool and extremely gets people dancing, inspiring those individuals that wouldn’t normally think there’s any part of being against anything to pay attention to the message. Being an enthusiastic hip-hop dancer myself, i truly wanted to find out some more about any of it.

Formal:

This extended essay on the way the lyrics of hip-hop developed as a form of protest against a society segregating the working classes is based on the premise associated with music having a distinct and energizing rhythm that actually inspires people to maneuver, thereby reaching out to audiences who doesn’t normally believe in protest, let alone speak out in public. Thus, the songs becomes a car for words of protest that can as well as have changed the whole world. My very own knowledge about dancing hip-hop at a relatively advanced and skilled level fuelled my need to research this topic much more depth.

Biology

Informal:

Biology has become a passion of mine. Ever since I was searching for frogspawn during my grandparent’s pond as a four-year-old and annoying my mum with a battery of jam jars on the window sill in which I was attempting to raise tadpoles I have been attracted to observing nature in detail. Even in English, reading loss of a Naturalist by Seamus Heaney, I found myself thinking up an experiment related to dragonflies and bluebottles. A fish is had by me tank acquainted with three different types of fish. I’ve noticed I feed them that they all respond differently when. I’m wondering what else is different within their behavior so, in this extended essay, I’m going to find out how they react to light.

Formal:

This extended essay is centered on investigating the phototaxic responses of three different types of fish that occupy different areas of an aquarium: danios (Danio rerio), which group close to the surface associated with water, black skirt tetra (Gymnocorymbus ternetzi), which swim in the exact middle of the tank, and kuhli loach (Pangio kuhlii), which swim near the bottom associated with the tank. It is anticipated which they will respond differently to light based on their niche inside the tank.

The outcome of my investigation could inform the feeding strategy used for different fish along with highlight the nature that is adaptive of response in fish. In addition, this essay might help to inspire some fellow students to look at new interest to their fish, and consider their own strategies in populating a fish tank.

Psychology

Informal:

Once I get into a supermarket there is always gentle background music playing, although when you look at the clothes shops I like it is usually loud pop music. At breakfast my father wants to listen to Rossini string sonatas, while my little brother has metal that is heavy his iPod and certainly will head-bang his way through a bowl of cornflakes. My essay that is extended is to analyze why people depend on certain kinds of music to influence their mood and just how music is used in this way to promote. I am not certain that there clearly was an association and if the music does affect, for instance, people’s shopping habits, but it shall be interesting to try to find out, especially to see if different peoples’ brains are wired differently when it comes to music.

Formal:

T his extended essay intends to investigate whether there is a relationship that is causal music listened to as well as the mood of individuals. Additionally, it shall seek to explore whether this relationship is used in advertising to encourage visitors to spend paper writing service cash.

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